Italian Section Emerging Technology Seminar
The 11th SMPTE italian Section Emerging Technology Seminar follows the path traced in its previous editions
and this year is focused to put in light the main emerging technologies in the enlarged world of media,
including both the broadcast and broadband sectors.
This year the Seminar will be hosted in the RAI CPTV in Milan (TV Production Center), in the historic building
located in Corso Sempione which, designed in 1937 by the architect Gio Ponti as "Palazzo della Radio" (The radio
building), gave life in the year 1952 to the first television programming in Italy.
The evolution that the technologies of the moving image (motion imaging) have presented in the latter
years, starting from the consolidation of the "full HDTV" based on progressive digital serial video
(SDI) signal at full frame rate in 2K (about two thousand pixels per line), it was gradually rationalized
with the systematic exploration of all the other possibilities that technology offers for quality improvement
of the moving image.
To the technologies for improving spatial resolution, which have led to the "ultra high definition television"
(UHDTV) in its two 4K levels (about four thousand pixels per line) and 8K (about eight thousand pixels per line)
line), have gradually been joined in recent years those of temporal resolution (HFR, High Frame)
Rate), those of luminance resolution (HDR, High Dynamic Range) and those of color reproduction
(WCG, Wide Color Gamut).
Concerning broadband connectivity through on IP/Internet networks, another sector to which broadcasters
look with great attention, the advent of 5G technologies, fifth generation of the technologies and standards
for mobile communication that allow performance and speed well above current levels with low latency,
will also allow the transport of images in UHDTV on multiple mobile devices (smartphones, tablets),
thus opening up a wider range of possibilities for end-users. Such opportunities may lead to
a deeper integration between the broadcaster industry, in the sense of content producers of multi-media,
and that the internet network operators.
This integration makes it possible to transform serial and isochronous video information, such as SDI
(Serial Digital Interface), now used by broadcasters, in a "packetized" format that comply to IP (Internet Protocols).
The SMPTE ST-2022 family of standards comprising its seven parts meets this purpose since 2007
providing the protocols and encodings methods needed to transport compressed and uncompressed digital
video at high bit rate on IP packet networks. The ST-2022 family then paved the way to next generation
family of standards ST-2110 (recently published as International Standard), destined in a relatively
near future to replace the dedicated SDI family.