Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Standards Operations Manual v.3.1
Approved by Board of Governors 2015-02-09
The purpose of this Standards Operations Manual is to define the duties of Engineering and Standards officers, staff, chairs and participants and to define the policies and procedures for developing and maintaining SMPTE’s Engineering Documents. The primary audience for these policies and procedures is the Society staff and Society members who monitor or participate in the standards development work.
The Society is an impartial developer of standards and other Engineering Documents in the fields of motion images, television, motion pictures, and related technology. This work includes all technical aspects of images being produced, processed, reproduced, distributed via contribution circuits or via storage media, and viewed on a screen or emissive display device, including accompanying audio, data, metadata, and control signals. The Society’s Engineering Documents are designed and adopted for the purpose of promoting and furthering the interests of the international community. The existence of an Engineering Document of the Society does not create an obligation for any Society member or nonmember to adhere to it.
SMPTE Standards shall be developed in accordance with applicable antitrust and competition laws, and meetings amongst competitors to develop SMPTE Standards are to be conducted in accordance with these laws.
The Society shall evaluate and document, as appropriate, both the needs and applications of new and emerging technologies relevant to the fields of motion images, television, motion picture, and related technologies. The Society shall explore the needs and interests brought about by these technologies and shall assume a leadership role in any necessary standardization efforts.
The Society serves as a registrar of identifiers needed by the motion imaging and related industries.
The Society recognizes the importance and acceptance of SMPTE Engineering Documents as international publications. To maintain this position, the Society shall strive to harmonize national engineering document development with international activities and to interrelate with other engineering document developing organizations, drafting committees, and technical organizations.
The Society recognizes and shall maintain its position of influence in the deliberations of other standardization organizations within the fields of television, motion picture, and related technologies. To accomplish this purpose, the Society shall maintain its membership and administrative roles in such other standardization organizations as found appropriate by the Board of Governors.
2.1 Standards Vice President
The Standards Vice President shall be responsible for the coordination and supervision of all engineering activities and objectives under this Standards Operations Manual, as authorized by the Society Bylaws. The duties of the Standards Vice President are described in the Governance Operations Manual and in this Standards Operations Manual.
2.2 Standards Directors
Standards Directors are appointed by the Standards Vice President, as provided in the Governance Operations Manual and in this Standards Operations Manual. Standards Directors shall be Members.
Each Standards Director shall be responsible for working with all Technology Committee Chairs to organize and coordinate meeting schedules and to ensure that work is correctly placed and is being executed in a timely manner.
From time-to-time, the Standards Vice President may delegate responsibilities to the Standards Directors when their areas of expertise would be beneficial to the activities of the Society.
2.3 Director of Engineering and Home Office Engineering Department
The Director of Engineering is an employee of the Society and supervisor of the Home Office Engineering Department. The Director of Engineering is administratively accountable to the Executive Director but operationally accountable to the Standards Vice President.
The Director of Engineering shall:
- Represent the Standards Vice President or serve as alternate to the Standards Vice President to the extent authorized by that officer;
- Administer the functions of the Home Office Engineering Department;
- Conduct the Test Materials and Engineering Document publication programs;
- Administratively and technically support the Technology Committees in developing Engineering Documents;
- At the direction of the Technology Committees, prepare Engineering Documents for publication;
- Schedule and organize the standards meetings in cooperation with the Technology Committee Chairs, Standards Directors, and the Standards Vice President;
- Prepare tutorial reports, glossaries, pamphlets, etc. for publication as instructed by the Standards Vice President;
- Make available Test Materials for checking, testing, and measuring television and motion picture systems, as directed by the Technology Committees;
- Act as Delegate or Rapporteur to various national and international bodies, as authorized by the Standards Vice President;
- Serve as Secretariat to the Standards Committee and ensure that secretarial services are available to the Technology Committees;
- Facilitate and maintain the SMPTE Registration Authority;
- Register identifiers and other documentary items;
- Ensure that Engineering Documents include appropriate specifications for suitable tolerances and references to suitable test methods necessary for proper interpretation and implementation of the documents;
- Initiate the one-year and five-year Review processes of published documents;
- Maintain a complete and accurate Technology Committee roster for each Committee;
- Ensure that the current Standards Operations Manual and Standards Administrative Guidelines are freely available to all interested parties;
- Publish, from time-to-time, a “Standards Action” email newsletter announcing any new project, publication or withdrawal of any Engineering Document, Engineering Administrative Guideline, Registered Disclosure Document, Request for Technology, or other significant events;
- Procure and make available documents from other standards bodies referenced by SMPTE documents;
- Submit Engineering Documents for consideration by other standardizing bodies when so instructed by the Standards Vice President; and
- Serve as parliamentarian to the Standards Community.
2.4 Standards Community
The Standards Community, as described in the Membership Operations Manual, is collectively all members of all Technology Committees. The unqualified term, “Member”, refers to members of the Standards Community. All Members are subject to this Standards Operations Manual and the Administrative Guidelines, specifically including all requirements for confidentiality (see Section 9.4) and observance of the Society’s Intellectual Property Policy (see Section 9). All Members shall be individuals who have paid, or have been exempted from, the Participation Fee.
All Members are subject to a Participation Agreement. All Members are subject to the Society Code of Conduct as defined in the Membership Operations Manual.
Members may terminate their membership in the Standards Community (and thus all Technology Committees) with written notice to the Director of Engineering.
Membership in the Standards Community may be terminated by the Director of Engineering if the Director determines that 1) a member’s contact information is not current and the member has been non-responsive for 8 weeks by email and phone; or 2) failure to pay the Participation Fee as required.
Membership in the Standards Community also may be terminated by the Standards Vice President for serious violations of this Standards Operations Manual. The following process shall pertain: First, the Standards Vice President or Standards Director must have personally observed the violations. Second, a written notice of violation (which may be via email) must have been sent to the Member by the Standards Vice President. If the Member then violates this Operations Manual again within one year of the notice, at that time, the Standards Vice President may terminate the membership in the Standards Community by written notification (which may be by email) and inform the Board of Governors of the action. The terminated Member may appeal to the Board of Governors for reinstatement. In any case, a terminated Member may apply for membership in the Standards Community after a period of one year.
2.4.1 Participation Fee
An annual fee (the “Participation Fee”) may be assessed for membership in the Standards Community. As membership in the Standards Community is open to all individuals, there may be a scale of fees based on SMPTE membership level or other considerations. Fees are established by, and may be waived or prorated by, the Director of Engineering based on consideration of individual contributions and financial situation.
3.1 Standards Committee
The scope and operation of the Standards Committee shall be governed by the following provisions:
- There shall be a single Standards Committee at the top of a hierarchy of Technology Committees and Sub Groups, constituted as and having the responsibilities described in this section.
- As an advisory committee, the Standards Committee shall advise suitable actions for consideration by the Standards Vice President in the fulfillment of the engineering responsibilities of that officer.
- The Standards Committee shall approve the establishment and dissolution of Technology Committees and the Standards Vice President shall notify the Board of Governors of such actions.
- The Standards Committee shall determine the Scopes of Technology Committees and shall oversee the work of all Technology Committees to ensure that their work falls within the appropriate Scopes.
- As an Engineering Document review committee, the Standards Committee shall review proposed new work items and documents proposed to be published, amended, reaffirmed, revised, stabilized, or withdrawn, for the purpose of determining that all appropriate and necessary procedures were followed and that the documents meet the requirements for Society sponsorship.
- Where work is appropriate to the Society's interests and not covered by a standing Technology Committee, the Standards Committee may establish Sub Groups that report to it to fulfill engineering needs.
- The Standards Committee shall approve all Standards Administrative Guidelines prior to publication.
- The Standards Committee shall serve as the focal point for Liaison communications and establish Liaison Groups as needed.
- Members of the Standards Committee shall be Active members of the Society, as defined in the Membership Operations Manual, shall be members of the Standards Community, and shall include:
- i. the Standards Vice President (Chair);
- ii. the Standards Directors;
- iii. the immediate past Standards Vice President;
- iv. the Chairs of the Technology Committees;
- v. at the discretionary invitation of the Standards Vice President, the Chairs of Sub Groups established by the Standards Committee, and
- vi. the Director of Engineering.
j. In addition, the Standards Committee may include up to four additional members knowledgeable in standards activities, as appointed by the Standards Vice President. The Board of Governors shall be notified promptly of such appointments.
- All members of the Standards Committee shall be equal voting members, and there shall be only one category of membership.
- Any member of the Board of Governors may attend Standards Committee meetings as a guest.
m. The Standards Committee shall meet in person at least once per year and otherwise by telephone or in person as deemed necessary by its Chair. The Standards Committee shall follow the same process rules as for Technology Committees. At the discretion of the Chair, guests may observe meetings of the Standards Committee.
n. To facilitate fulfillment of their responsibilities with respect to the operation of the Standards Committee, all members of the Standards Committee shall become Observer Members of all Technology Committees except those in which they have elected to participate as Participant Members. Except for the inability to terminate their membership, they are otherwise subject to all of the provisions for membership in such Technology Committees.
3.2 Technology Committees
3.2.1 Purpose and Scope
A Technology Committee shall be the due process Consensus Body for all Engineering Documents within its defined scope. The Technology Committee Chair(s) and the Participant Members are responsible for accepting and advancing all assigned work by following this Standards Operations Manual.
The general scope of all Technology Committees is to develop SMPTE Engineering Documents; to Review existing documents to ensure that they are current with established engineering practices and are compatible with international engineering documents, where possible; to recommend and develop test specifications, methods, and materials; and to prepare tutorial material on engineering subjects for publication in the SMPTE Journal or for other means of dissemination benefiting the Society and the industry.
The list and specific scopes of individual Technology Committees shall be defined in the Standards Administrative Guidelines.
3.2.2 Technology Committee Chairs
Technology Committee Chairs shall be Members that are Active Members of the Society as defined in the Membership Operations Manual. The Standards Vice President shall appoint one or more Chairs for each Technology Committee for a term to run concurrently with the Standards Vice President's term of office. Technology Committee Chairs shall not serve the same Technology Committee for more than two full consecutive terms. Technology Committee Chairs reaching their term limits, having not received direction to the contrary from the Standards Vice President, shall continue to act as Chairs pro tem of their Technology Committees for a period not to exceed 120 days after the end of the terms.
In the event of absence of the Chair(s), the Standards Vice President or the Engineering Director may appoint a Chair pro tem on a per-meeting basis. The appointee shall be a Member, an Active Member of the Society and a Participant Member of the Technology Committee.
Technology Committee Chairs shall conduct the business of their Technology Committees according to this Operations Manual and the Administrative Guidelines, specifically:
- Calling Technology Committee meetings and distributing draft agendas;
- Convening and presiding over the meetings and expediently conducting their business;
- Appointing a Participant Member to serve as the Technology Committee Secretary;
- Reviewing and distributing timely minutes after receipt from the Secretary;
- Advancing the work of all assigned Projects in a timely manner, consistent with due process;
- Facilitating the introduction of new Projects;
- Recruiting new Technology Committee members;
- Attempting to ensure a balance of membership within their Technology Committees and their Sub Groups; and
- Leading Liaison communications, as needed.
3.2.3 Membership and Guests
All Technology Committee Members shall be Members (of the Standards Community). In addition, Guests may participate as defined further below.
Technology Committee Members are Members who also meet the eligibility requirements defined below and maintain their membership until termination. There are two categories of membership for Technology Committees: Participant Member and Observer Member. There also may be Guests present.
126.96.36.199.1 Participant Member
A Participant Member is a person who commits to active contribution to the work of the Technology Committee. A Participant Member has voting rights and obligations with full access to all work in process and Sub Group activity. Participant Members must maintain eligibility requirements as specified in section 188.8.131.52. No alternate is permitted to act on behalf of a Participant Member.
184.108.40.206.2 Observer Member
An Observer Member is a person who has an interest in the work and may participate actively in the work of the Technology Committee and/or its Sub Groups, with full access to all work in process. An Observer Member is encouraged to submit Ballot Comments but has no voting rights.
Guests are persons present at the invitation of the Chair on a per meeting basis, or for longer terms with the approval of the Standards Vice President. Guests are not Members and are not subject to the Participation Fee. However, Guests are subject to the Participation Agreement, the Society Code of Conduct as defined in the Membership Operations Manual and the provisions of this Standards Operating Manual.
Technology Committee membership is open to all Members who have an interest in the work of a Technology Committee.
All Members join a Technology Committee as Observer Members. Observer Members may apply to become Participant Members at any time, provided that they meet the requirements following below. Observer Members requesting Participant status in a Technology Committee must previously have attended at least one meeting of the Technology Committee within the previous 12 months and not have had their status in the Technology Committee changed to Observer Member within the preceding 12 months as a result of the revert action described in section 220.127.116.11.
Technology Committee Chairs may waive the eligibility requirement for individual Participant Members in exceptional cases.
Requests to become a Participant Member shall be approved by the Technology Committee Chair as soon as possible after the request is made, provided the eligibility requirements are met and it is at least 30 days prior to a meeting of the Technology Committee. In such case, the change to Participant Member status shall be made as soon as possible following the Technology Committee meeting.
Membership in a Technology Committee shall be maintained as long as a Member meets the eligibility requirements described above.
In addition, Participant Members, in order to retain their status, shall not miss more than two meetings in a row and shall not fail to vote on more than three Written Votes in a row. When determining "in a row," the Ballot issue date shall be used. When several Ballots are issued on the same day, the sequence numbers assigned shall be used. If these criteria are not met, Participant Member status shall revert to Observer Member status.
Approximately thirty days before all meetings and within 14 days following all meetings, the Technology Committee Chairs shall review the meeting attendance and voting history of all Technology Committee Members and adjust the membership roster accordingly. Technology Committee Chairs may waive the conversion of specific individuals to Observer Member status in exceptional cases. The Technology Committee Chairs shall inform the Director of Engineering and the Standards Vice President of such waivers, which shall stand at the pleasure of the Standards Vice President.
Technology Committee Chairs shall notify affected members and the Director of Engineering when a change has occurred and shall inform those members of their right to apply for Participant Member status again in one year.
All members shall promptly notify the Director of Engineering of any changes in their contact information.
Technology Committee Members may terminate their memberships in a Technology Committee at any time with notice to the Technology Committee Chair.
3.2.4 Membership and Consensus Bodies
The Membership Body for a meeting shall be the Members of the roster as of 30 days prior to the meeting.
The Consensus Body for a meeting and for all actions taken therein shall be all Participant Members who are present (including those who are present by electronic means). The Consensus Body for Written Votes between meetings shall be the Participant Members at the time the Written Vote is issued.
3.2.5 Balance of Membership
Technology Committee Chairs shall endeavor to maintain a balance of Interest Groups in their Technology Committees among the Participant Members. One’s Interest Group is determined from a stated company affiliation or an explicit declaration, at the option of the Participant Member. The Interest Groups are defined to be one of:
- Producer - one who manufactures products or who provides services;
- User - one who purchases or uses the manufactured products or the services;
- General Interest
The Technology Committees shall adhere to the following additional procedures:
- a. Technology Committees shall work to advance all approved Projects.
- b. The Director of Engineering shall provide necessary Ballot and other data on Technology Committee Projects.
- c. Technology Committees shall meet in person not less than once per year and otherwise as needed and convened by their Chairs in person or by electronic means.
3.3 Sub Groups
3.3.1 Purpose and Scope
Sub Groups are formed to perform preliminary investigations or studies, to draft documents, to make recommendations, or to perform specific administrative or Liaison functions.
Sub Groups are established to expedite and organize the functioning of their parent Groups. Sub Groups include Working Groups, Study Groups, Task Forces, Drafting Groups, and Ad Hoc Groups.
Ad Hoc Groups shall not be assigned Projects; all other Sub Groups shall perform work on one or more Projects.
Normally, membership in a Sub Group is open to all members of the parent Group. However, as all work of a Sub Group will be considered later by a Technology Committee, Sub Group membership may be restricted with the prior approval of the Standards Vice President.
Sub Groups may seek participation by experts or other interested parties who are not Members. Such participation shall be at the discretion of the Chair of the Sub Group and the Standards Vice President and should be permitted only when a contribution is needed from someone who would not be expected to join the Standards Community. All such participants shall submit Statements of Participation and shall agree to abide by the requirements of this Standards Operations Manual.
A Sub Group shall be formed and terminated by the Chair of the parent Group in consultation with the parent Group. The formation and termination of a Sub Group shall be recorded in the minutes of the parent Group.
Sub Groups are encouraged, but not required, to follow the same requirements for meeting notices and agendas as Technology Committees. A Sub Group may adopt less formal procedures and short notice periods provided there is Consensus of the membership of the Sub Group.
Similarly, meeting reports may be less formal, but—particularly where an aggressive meeting schedule means that not all members of the Sub Group can attend all meetings—it is essential that meeting outcomes be reported accurately and promptly.
Generally, a Sub Group is expected to achieve Consensus on recommendations to its parent Group. In cases in which there is no Consensus and the Sub Group Chair determines that Consensus is unlikely to be reached, the Chair shall refer the matter to the parent Group for guidance. The parent Group shall consider arguments representing all opinions on the matter for which the Sub Group cannot reach Consensus and, where appropriate, shall attempt to reach Consensus and to instruct the Sub Group accordingly.
All members of a Sub Group have equal status and may participate in all activities of the Sub Group, including Consensus determination.
3.3.4 Task Force
A Task Force is formed to coordinate specific programs that affect more than one Technology Committee or to establish joint activities with groups outside of the Society that are concerned with long term strategic issues. Task Forces shall be formed only by the Standards Committee.
3.3.5 Working Group
Working Groups are usually formed for more complex, long-term work and for managing multiple, related Projects. A Working Group shall be formed only by a Technology Committee. A Scope that clearly identifies the specific area of technology to be addressed by the Working Group shall be approved by Consensus of the Technology Committee. A Working Group should follow the same requirements for meeting notices, agendas and minutes as Technology Committees.
3.3.6 Study Group
A Study Group is formed to examine a system or technology. Study Groups shall be formed only by the Standards Committee or a Technology Committee. The specific role of a Study Group is to prepare reports to its parent Group and/or to Society membership through publication in the Journal and/or presentation at SMPTE Conferences. Reports of a Study Group shall be approved by its parent Group and the Standards Vice President prior to publication or presentation. When studies indicate that standardization is needed, a Study Group shall make a suitable recommendation to its parent Group.
3.3.7 Drafting Group
A Drafting Group is formed to expedite the work of its parent Group by preparing specific documents. This may include the preparation of Working Draft documents for consideration by the parent Group. Drafting Groups may be formed by any Group other than an Ad Hoc Group or another Drafting Group.
3.3.8 Ad Hoc Group
An Ad Hoc Group is transient in nature and formed to prepare brief informal reports to its parent Group on a narrow topic. An Ad Hoc Group shall exist only between two successive meetings of the parent Group. An Ad Hoc Group may be formed by any Group other than another Ad Hoc Group.
All meetings shall be conducted according to the following procedures:
a. All Technology Committees shall conduct business in accordance with the provisions of this Standards Operations Manual and the Administrative Guidelines. For matters not covered by these documents, "Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised" (latest edition) shall apply. All Technology Committee Chairs are required to be familiar with Robert's Rules.
b. The Technology Committees are permitted to have multiple Chairs, but at each meeting only one Chair shall act as the meeting Chair.
c. Chairs should make use of electronic meeting tools (e.g. phone bridges) when available. When facilities are provided for meeting participation by telephone or other electronic means, Technology Committee Members and Guests so participating shall be considered to be present as if they were physically present, including for the determination of Quorum and maintenance of membership.
d. At least 720 hours (30 days) before the scheduled start time of a meeting, the meeting Chair shall distribute a meeting call and a draft agenda. Meeting calls shall include the start time of the meeting and should include an estimated end time. When the start time may be impacted by other meetings scheduled earlier on the same day, the meeting call should indicate any potential for a variance. The meeting Chair shall make a reasonable attempt to notify the Membership Body of any variance on the day of the meeting. Meetings shall not convene before their announced times (as amended within any notified variance), but may convene significantly after their announced times on the same day. There is no requirement that a meeting end at any specific time, even if an estimated time is provided.
e. Unless otherwise specifically stated: a) US Eastern Time (as modified by Daylight Saving Time at the current SMPTE Home Office location) shall be used; and b) when only a day is prescribed, deadlines shall be at 23:59:59 on that day.
f. An agenda, minutes, or contribution document is "distributed" if:
- it is emailed as an attachment to the official Group email list; or
- it is deposited on an SMPTE sanctioned Internet server with a pointer sent by email as above; or
- notice is provided by directly contacting each member of the Group.
g. Proxies are not permitted.
h. For all Technology Committees, attendance shall be recorded according to procedures established by the Standards Committee. The attendance list shall be used by the Director of Engineering to establish membership rights as provided herein and to establish agreement to this Standards Operations Manual by all attendees. All attendees shall agree to adhere to the provisions of this Operations Manual. At the discretion of the Chair, other Members may be present in the meeting room without being recorded as meeting attendees.
i. For all Technology Committees, Minutes shall be prepared by the Secretary and submitted to the Chair no more than 30 days after a meeting. The Chair shall review, modify as required, and approve the Minutes within 14 days of receipt and then shall distribute the Minutes to all members of the Group, with a copy to the Director of Engineering and the Standards Vice President. Guests may request Minutes from the Director of Engineering. Meeting attendees may suggest changes to the minutes. The Minutes, amended if necessary, shall be approved at the next meeting and distributed by the Secretary.
j. For decisions on significant questions affecting the content of Engineering Documents or motions made in any Group, Consensus shall be obtained. Consensus shall be determined to exist either when there are no objections or when no more than 1/3 of the Participant Members who respond in favor or opposed are opposed. All determinations of Consensus shall be recorded in the Minutes. The use of "straw polls" and other means of achieving Consensus are encouraged.
k. The Society is a technical and scientific organization and considers the members of its Committees and Sub Groups, and the Guests of its meetings, as individual experts and not necessarily as representatives of their employing organizations. There are, however, occasions during the activities of a Group when a formal industry position would materially contribute to the resolution of a question. On these occasions, a Member or Guest may state that an opinion given is that of an organization, and that opinion may be so recorded. The Chair may, in addition, solicit the views or opinions of appropriate special interests.
l. On any matter before a Technology Committee, where the Technology Committee Chair considers that any Interest Group or corporate entity has caused, by sponsoring an unreasonable number of Participant Members or otherwise, substantial imbalance, so as to affect the outcome of a specific vote, the Technology Committee Chair shall report this matter to the Standards Committee with a recommendation for appropriate corrective action, such as conducting a Written Vote. The Standards Committee, by a Consensus Vote, may approve the request for a Written Vote to override and replace the vote in question. It may also recommend other corrective action, subject to approval by the Board of Governors.
m. In order to assist the Technology Committee Chair in determining a balance of interests, Participant Members should declare at the initial roll call of a meeting all entities whose interests they represent at that meeting. Further, if they represent more than one entity, they should declare which entity they represent during each vote (of any kind).
n. The Secretary may electronically record any meeting for the purpose of assisting in the preparation of the Minutes and subsequent confirmation by the Technology Committee. Once the Minutes have been confirmed, the recording and all copies shall be destroyed within 14 days. No person other than the Secretary shall electronically record, or assist another person in electronically recording any meeting in any form.
For a Technology Committee, one third of the Participant Members shall constitute a Quorum. Determination of a Quorum shall be conducted at the beginning of each Technology Committee meeting. For Sub Groups, those members present always shall constitute a Quorum.
For any vote, a Quorum must be present, whether or not a Quorum was present at the beginning of the meeting. All votes shall be recorded by the Secretary as a tally of the Participant Members. If, as determined from the tally, a Quorum is no longer present, then the results of the vote shall require confirmation as specified below.
Per Robert’s Rules, temporary absence of one or more Participant Members from the meeting room does not constitute loss of a Quorum and the ability to conduct business, but the Technology Committee Chair shall provide reasonable opportunity for Participant Members to be summoned prior to a vote.
When a Quorum is not present, the meeting may continue; however all decisions shall be confirmed by the Technology Committee either at its next meeting when a Quorum is present or by a Written Vote, at the discretion of the Technology Committee Chair.
The Voting within every Technology Committee shall be carried out by the Participant Members only. Comments are welcome from anyone but do not constitute a vote. All questions before a Technology Committee that are resolved by a vote shall be formed so that the response can be clearly made with either a YES or NO answer. Votes shall be initiated by motions. Motions shall be made and seconded only by Participant Members. Each Participant Member present shall cast a vote as either YES, NO or ABSTAIN. All votes related to an Engineering Document shall be recorded for every Participant Member by roll call and tally.
4.3.1 Administrative Vote
An Administrative Vote is a vote on a matter requiring a simple majority of YES versus NO votes of the Participant Members responding. Lack of a response and ABSTAIN shall be treated identically and not factored into the calculation. A tie vote does not pass.
4.3.2 Consensus Vote
A Consensus Vote is a vote requiring a defined supermajority for approval. The supermajority is defined as follows: Of the Participant Members who vote either Yes or No, there must be at least twice as many Yes votes as No votes. Abstentions shall not be factored into the calculation, nor shall votes not cast.
4.3.3 Written Vote
A Written Vote is a vote conducted among the entire Participant Membership in writing, usually via electronic means. A Written Vote has no Comments.
A Ballot is a Written Consensus Vote (see criteria of section 4.3.2) of a duration that permits Comments to be submitted. All Comments shall subsequently be Resolved as a condition of the Participant Member's vote.
A "Comment" is a reference with a statement about what is in error or omission, along with a possible resolution. Redlines of a document, while helpful and supportive to the process, are not acceptable alone as Comments. Redlines, without accompanying written description of the error, omission, or a request for additional features or functionality, need not be considered in the Comment Resolution process. Regardless of the vote cast (YES, NO, or ABSTAIN), Comments may always be submitted. Comments shall be submitted with all NO votes. Any NO vote without Comments shall be discarded and counted as non-responsive. Comments from all sources are to be treated equally.
All Comments shall be submitted in English. Comments should include a proposed resolution.
To be approved, a Ballot shall meet the criteria for a Consensus Vote as set forth in 4.3.2 above, and also shall have received Yes votes from at least 1/3 of the Participant Members. The latter criterion is called Numeric Consensus. Technology Committee Chairs are encouraged to monitor the voting on a Ballot during the course of the Ballot period and to solicit Participant Members to return Ballots if the number of Ballots returned is low. Such solicitations shall not contain any comment or opinion on the merits of the document being Balloted or on how the Participant Member ought to vote.
The default duration of any Ballot is 5 weeks. By Consensus of the Technology Committee, an alternative duration of no less than three weeks may be selected.
If a Ballot achieves Consensus but fails to achieve Numeric Consensus, the Technology Committee Chair may request the Director of Engineering to extend the Ballot period for two weeks to permit additional Ballots to be returned. These additional Ballots shall be added to the Ballots received during the duration of the original Ballot and the totals examined to determine whether Consensus still exists and whether Numeric Consensus has been achieved. During any such extended Ballot period, Participant Members shall have the right and ability both to modify votes originally cast and to submit additional Comments.
4.4 Meeting Contributions
Any contribution to a meeting for which Technology Committee action may be taken shall be properly presented to the Technology Committee before any action is taken. A contribution has been properly presented if it is directly related to an item that was present on the draft agenda at least 30 days prior to the meeting and one or more of the following is true:
- publication to the Technology Committee at least 7 days in advance of the meeting; or
- presentation to the Technology Committee at the meeting in full (e.g. reading it in its entirety); or
c. presentation at the meeting of all changes relative to a version of the contribution that previously met either (a) or (b).
Engineering Documents consist of Standards, Recommended Practices, Engineering Guidelines, and Amendments. SMPTE Engineering Documents may be intended for further submission to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the International Standards Organization (ISO), or other standards bodies.
The Society also publishes Registered Disclosure Documents, but these are not considered to be Engineering Documents and have separately defined procedures. See section 7.
In addition, there are Other Documents, including Administrative Guidelines, Advisory Notes and Engineering Reports.
5.2 Engineering Documents
5.2.1 Standard (ST)
A Standard shall be a document that states basic specifications, dimensions, or criteria that are necessary for effective interchange and/or interconnection within the system described. An SMPTE Standard may also define the functions necessary to achieve effective interchange among users. An SMPTE Standard shall contain Conformance Language.
5.2.2 Recommended Practice (RP)
A Recommended Practice shall be a document that states basic specifications, dimensions, or criteria that are not necessary for effective interchange and/or interconnection but that facilitate implementation of systems. Examples are conformance requirements for test materials or measurement methods; constraints on existing specifications, dimensions, criteria, forms; and/or functions within the system described. An SMPTE Recommended Practice may contain Conformance Language.
5.2.3 Engineering Guideline (EG)
An Engineering Guideline shall be an informative document, often tutorial in nature, which incorporates engineering Consensus on specifications, dimensions, and/or practices. It is intended to guide Users or to provide designs or procedures for Producers. It shall not contain Conformance Language, Normative Text, or Normative References.
5.2.4 Test Materials
Some Engineering Documents may define what are commonly known as SMPTE "test materials." These are films, tapes, computer files, and similar materials that facilitate some sort of conformance procedures intended to enhance interoperability. Test Materials are encouraged for complex Standards. While not a document type on their own, they form integral parts of the Engineering Documents to which they relate. Test materials shall be enabled by, and form part of, Engineering Documents, usually Recommended Practices. Changes to Test Materials shall follow the processes applicable to their related prose document elements. That is, when Test Materials must be modified, their associated Recommended Practices shall be revised or amended following the appropriate procedures herein, even if the prose of the Recommended Practice is not altered. Third party test materials, which may be sold by SMPTE, are not considered part of SMPTE Engineering Documents.
Engineering Documents may include tables intended to be filled in over time. A Register is a table that is published in a medium more convenient for updating (e.g., an online database).
Engineering Documents may provide criteria for adding, changing and deleting table entries.
An Administrative Register is a Register for which the criteria for adding, changing and deleting are specified in an Engineering Document and changes to the Register do not involve the Consensus of technical experts. If this requirement is not met, the Director of Engineering may make revisions to the Register. The Revision of the Engineering Document in all its media and elements must be clearly identified, as it can be altered very frequently.
When criteria for adding, changing and deleting table entries are not specified in the Engineering Document, or the criteria involve the Consensus of technical experts, any alteration shall be subject to the normal Engineering Document process, typically an Amendment.
If Register entries are issued to parties other than the Society itself, then a fee may be charged.
5.3 Modification of Engineering Documents
A Revision is a Standard, Recommended Practice, or Engineering Guideline document that is to replace a previously published edition. A Revision shall exist only as a work in process and, when published, shall supersede the previous edition.
An Amendment is a document that modifies the provisions of an existing Standard, Recommended Practice, or Engineering Guideline. An Amendment shall contain only an enumeration of the changes and not the entire document to which it applies. It also shall contain an introductory statement describing the purpose of the change(s). An Amendment may be published as a separate document in which case the current edition of the affected document shall continue to be published until the Amendment is incorporated into a new edition of the affected document.
5.4 Other Published Documents
5.4.1 Administrative Guidelines (AG)
Administrative Guidelines shall be prepared from time-to-time to provide extensions to and interpretations of this Standards Operations Manual. Administrative Guidelines may include, but are not limited to, descriptions of Group and meeting procedures, templates for documents, rules and procedures for Registers, etc. All Administrative Guidelines shall be issued by the Standards Committee and shall require a Consensus Vote of the Standards Committee for approval or modification. In the event of a conflict, the Society Bylaws, Operations Manuals or any published Engineering Document shall take precedence over the Standards Administrative Guidelines.
5.4.2 Engineering Report (ER)
An Engineering Report is an informative document developed by a Study Group, a Technology Committee, or a Task Force on a topic of interest to the industry. Publication shall be with approval of the Standards Vice President.
5.4.3 Advisory Note (AN)
An Advisory Note is a brief informative document developed by Consensus of a Technology Committee detailing an issue before the Technology Committee. An Advisory Note generally should have a limited term benefit to the industry and should typically be withdrawn after the issues it describes are resolved. Publication shall be with approval of the Standards Vice President. An Advisory Note shall be withdrawn automatically 6 months after initial publication or sooner by Consensus of the developing Technology Committee.
5.5.1 Editorial Revisions
From time-to-time, it may be brought to the attention of the Director of Engineering that there are editorial errors in a published Engineering Document. At the discretion of the Director of Engineering and in consultation with the Chair of the responsible Technology Committee, the publication may be editorially revised. The document identification shall be changed to reflect the different document.
Upon approval of any Amendment, the Director of Engineering may elect to publish a separate document or may editorially revise the Engineering Document and publish the modified document as a new edition.
5.5.2 Avoidance of Proliferation of Modifications
No more than 2 separate Amendments shall be published modifying a single published SMPTE Engineering Document. The development of a third such document shall result in publication of a Revision with all Amendments applied. The 5 year Review process also shall cause such a consolidation.
5.6 Criteria for Engineering Documents
All SMPTE Engineering Documents shall meet the following criteria:
- Potential for use. There shall be evidence of national or international use or potential national or international use.
- Conflict. Before a proposal is approved, any recognized significant conflict with an existing national standard, international standard, or Engineering Document shall have been resolved. Due consideration shall have been given to the existence of other engineering documents having national or international acceptance in the given field. An alternative to an existing engineering document shall not necessarily be considered a conflict.
- Public interest. There shall not be evidence that the Engineering Document is contrary to the public interest.
- Fairness. There shall not be evidence that the proposal contains unfair provisions.
- Technical adequacy. There shall not be evidence of technical inadequacy.
- Intellectual property. Technical specifications shall comply with the Intellectual Property Policy of this Standards Operations Manual (see Section 9).
- Comparative Ratings. The Society shall not become involved in comparative rating of competitive systems or products. Test methods specified in Engineering Documents shall be reasonable and adequate to measure the pertinent characteristics.
- Purchase specifications. SMPTE Engineering Documents shall not be written as purchase, quality, safety, certification or general design requirements.
5.7 Interpretation of Engineering Documents
5.7.1 Commercial Conformance
SMPTE shall not give an interpretation as to whether a particular product, process, or procedure conforms or does not conform to a specific Engineering Document. Moreover, no person shall have the right or authority to issue such an interpretation in the name of the Society.
5.7.2 Interpretations Policy
From time-to-time, interpretations may be requested. All interpretations shall be processed by the responsible Technology Committee and approved by Consensus Vote. Approved responses shall be sent in a timely manner to the requestor, detailing the action taken and the interpretation provided, if any. Interpretation requests and responses shall be treated as submitted Comments for the next Revision or Review of the subject Engineering Document unless the Technology Committee determines that more immediate action is required.
Records shall be prepared and maintained by the Director of Engineering to provide evidence of compliance with these procedures. Records concerning the processes for new, revised, or reaffirmed Engineering Documents shall be retained at least until the Engineering Documents are next revised, reaffirmed, withdrawn or stabilized. Records concerning the withdrawal or stabilization of Engineering Documents shall be retained for at least five years from the date of withdrawal or stabilization.
5.9 Metric Policy
Units of the International System of Units (SI) shall be the preferred units of measurement in Engineering Documents.
5.10 Conformance Language
Normative Text is that which describes elements of the design that are indispensable or which contains the conformance language keywords: "shall," "should," or "may."
Informative Text is text that is potentially helpful to the user, but not indispensable, and can be removed, changed, or added editorially without affecting interoperability. Informative text does not contain any conformance keywords.
All text in a Standard, Recommended Practice, or Amendment to either of them is, by default, normative, except: the Introduction, any section explicitly labeled as "Informative" or individual paragraphs that start with "Note:."
The keywords "shall" and "shall not" indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to the document and from which no deviation is permitted.
The keywords "should" and "should not" indicate that, among several possibilities, one is recommended as particularly suitable, without necessarily mentioning or excluding others; that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required; or that, in the negative form, a certain possibility or course of action is deprecated but not prohibited.
The keywords "may" and "need not" indicate courses of action permissible within the limits of the document.
The keyword “reserved” indicates a provision that is not defined in the document, shall not be used, and may be defined in the future.
The keyword “forbidden” indicates “reserved” and in addition indicates that the provision will never be defined in the future.
Engineering Documents are created by a two-stage process – a Development Phase and an Approval Phase.
The Development Phase is conducted by an individual or Group and is relatively informal. The intent of this phase is to engage all interested parties and to permit exchanges of view and iteration of a document without the need for cumbersome record keeping. Nevertheless, due process (see below) needs to be followed to ensure that all relevant views are received and considered. The final step of the Development Phase is to circulate a draft document to the Technology Committee for informal comment and to further iterate the document in response to inputs received. If the development phase is successful, little change to the document should be necessary in the Approval Phase.
When a document represents the best available outcome of the informal work, the Approval Phase begins. Approval procedures are based on Written Ballots to the Technology Committee and a formal Comment Resolution process, also described below. The Approval Phase permits disposition of Comments by Consensus of the committee, rather than by full agreement and therefore must be fully documented. The Approval Phase forms the formal record of the document.
6.2.1 Open Due Process
Technology Committees shall observe the following rules and guidelines:
- a. Participation shall be open to all parties who are directly and materially affected by the activities in question, without undue financial barriers;
- b. Reasonable efforts shall be made to make such parties aware of work that is proposed or underway;
- c. All meetings shall be open meetings;
- d. The Engineering Document development process shall have a balance of interests and thus not be dominated by any single interest group;
- e. Consistent procedures shall govern the methods used for Engineering Document development and such procedures shall be available to any interested person;
- f. An identifiable, realistic, and readily available appeals method shall be included in the written procedures;
- g. Notification of Engineering Document activities shall be announced in suitable media to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of (b);
- h. Prompt consideration and acknowledgment shall be given to the written opinions and submissions of all who wish to be heard, including a concerted effort to resolve all expressed objections;
- i. Notification shall be given to an objector of the disposition of the objection and the reasons therefore; and
- j. The disposition of such opinions and submissions shall be documented.
6.3 New Projects
A Project is an item of work undertaken by a Technology Committee and usually delivers one SMPTE Engineering Document or Registered Disclosure Document.
A Project may be proposed by any individual. The individual should work with the Standards Vice President and appropriate Technology Committee Chair(s) to prepare a Project Proposal as described below.
A Project may be proposed by a member of a Technology Committee to its Chair if the member believes that the Project is within the Scope of that Technology Committee. If, in consultation with the Technology Committee, the Chair agrees that the proposed Project is within scope, the Project may be proposed to that Technology Committee, subject to the right of the Standards Vice President to change this assignment. Otherwise, a Project Proposal shall be submitted to the Standards Vice President who will assign the proposal to a Technology Committee.
A Project Proposal shall have one or more Proponents, who are Members agreeing to be actively involved in the Project.
A Project Proposal shall be completed by its Proponent(s) in the form prescribed by the Director of Engineering, and shall include the following Project Summary information:
- Problem to be solved and scope of work;
- Document(s) affected and/or proposed new document(s);
- Nominated Chair and document editor of the work who are, or will become, Technology Committee Members, and may be the same individual;
- Except in the case of an Registered Disclosure Document, each Project shall be supported by at least two Technology Committee Members representing different organizations; and
- Estimated Completion Date.
The proposal shall be submitted to the Technology Committee and to the Standards Committee for a 2-week project approval review.
Technology Committee and Standards Committee Members who object to approval of the Project shall so advise the Director of Engineering, the Standards Vice President, Technology Committee Chair(s) and the Proponents stating the grounds for objection. The permissible grounds for such objection are:
- That the proposal is missing required information
- That the Project as proposed cannot result in an Engineering Document that meets the Criteria for Engineering Documents or in a Registered Disclosure Document that meets the requirements defined in section 7.
- That the Project is assigned to the wrong Technology Committee
Disposition of such objections shall be determined promptly by Administrative Vote of the Standards Committee.
Technology Committee and Standards Committee Members are encouraged to offer suggestions for improvement of the Proposal; such suggestions are advisory. At the conclusion of the project approval review period, the Project Proponent(s) optionally may amend the Project Summary in the light of suggestions received. The amended Project Summary shall be published within one week of the close of the review period.
If a Technology Committee or Standards Committee Member believes that substantive changes are required to the Scope of the Project, the Member shall advise the Project Proponent(s) and the Technology Committee Chair(s) in writing within two weeks of the start of the project approval review, stating precisely the changes proposed. Absent such notification, the Project is approved, and work may commence.
If changes are proposed, work may continue, but proposed changes to the scope shall be placed on the Agenda for the next meeting of the Technology Committee. Modification of the Scope or cancelation of the Project shall require Consensus of the Technology Committee. Absent such Consensus, the Project shall continue as initially proposed.
The Technical Committee Chair, in consultation with the Committee, shall assign the Project to a Sub Group, which may be henceforth referred to as the Project Group. If a new Sub Group is required to accomplish the work, as determined by the Technology Committee Chair, then the Technology Committee Chair shall so inform the Director of Engineering.
All of the steps in processing a Project submission may be conducted either by email or in a meeting of the Technology Committee, at the discretion of the Technology Committee Chair.
6.4 Working Draft (WD) Development
Most Projects will create some type of a Working Draft, which is an Engineering Document before it is presented to a Technology Committee. A Working Draft is developed through Consensus of its Project Group. Working Drafts can be revised as necessary by the Project Group.
When the Chair of the Project Group determines, by Consensus, that the WD is complete and ready for consideration by the Technology Committee, then it is submitted to the Chair of the Technology Committee, together with all IP disclosures received. Supporting material such as comments and responses may be submitted for information, but do not form part of the formal record.
6.5 Committee Draft (CD) Development
Upon receipt by a Technology Committee Chair of a WD from a Project Group, it shall be distributed promptly by the Technology Committee Chair to the Technology Committee, for a period of 2 weeks, to seek Comments that may improve the document prior to Ballot.
The 2 week pre-Ballot Comment period requirement may be waived by Consensus Vote at a meeting of the Technology Committee.
At the conclusion of the 2 week period, the Project Group shall address all Comments received. Full Comment Resolution is encouraged but not required. Once the Project Group concludes by Consensus that the Comments have been addressed, the document shall be revised as necessary and returned to the Technology Committee Chair.
The document then is considered a Committee Draft.
6.6 Final Committee Draft (FCD) Development
When a document achieves Committee Draft status, the Technology Committee Chair shall conduct a Ballot (FCD Ballot) asking the question: “Should this CD be made a Final Committee Draft?” Participant Members should be encouraged to Comment, regardless of their votes, with the understanding that their Comments shall be Resolved before advancing the work. Observer Members also should be encouraged to Comment.
If the FCD Ballot fails, the Project Group shall address all comments and attempt to resolve the comments according to the Comment Resolution Procedure described in section 6.7. If required, full comment resolution can be achieved by a Disposition Vote (see section 6.8). The Project Group shall submit the revised document to the Technology Committee for another FCD Ballot.
If the FCD Ballot passes without Comment, the document shall be designated a Draft Publication (DP), and the Technology Committee Chair shall forward the work to the Director of Engineering for Standards Committee Audit and preparation for publication. (See section 6.10)
If the FCD Ballot passes with Comments, the Project Group shall address all comments and attempt to resolve all Comments, using the Comment Resolution Procedure described in section 6.7 (including one or more Disposition Votes, if necessary). If the document has been revised to a substantial degree, the Project Group may recommend another FCD ballot. Consideration should be given to the impact on compliant systems when deciding if the document’s changes are substantial.
6.7 Comment Resolution Process
6.7.1 Comment Resolution - Overview
To maintain the integrity and efficiency of the document development process, it is essential that there be a complete record of all Comment Resolutions made in response to a Ballot. After every Ballot and prior to further consideration by the Technology Committee, the Project Group responsible for a document shall prepare three items:
- a version of the document clearly showing all the changes, relative to the document that was Balloted, proposed in response to the Ballot Comments. The format of this document should be redline/strikeout;
- a clean version (no redlines) of the document; and
- a Comment Resolution Record.
These items shall be made available to the Technology Committee and notice sent by email. The responsible Project Group shall consider the proposed resolution; however it is under no obligation to accept the proposed resolution.
6.7.2 Comment Resolution Record
A Comment Resolution Record shall show each and every Ballot Comment and its proposed resolution. The Society’s electronic Comment Resolution Record, as defined by the Director of Engineering, shall be used as the Comment Resolution Record. The Comment Resolution Record shall contain, at a minimum for every Ballot Comment: the Comment text verbatim, a response indicating generally what was done to address the Comment, and whether or not the Comment was Resolved to the satisfaction of the commenter. A Comment shall be Resolved if the Commenter has indicated that he/she is satisfied with the response or the Technology Committee has reached disposition by Consensus Vote.
6.7.3 Comment Resolution
Comments may be resolved as individual comments, several comments at a time or all comments in a single Comment Resolution Review period using the process described below.
Following distribution of a revised document and the associated Comment Resolution Record by the Project Group to the commenter(s), the commenter(s) shall have a 2 week period in which to consider the response(s) and the changes to the revised document and to indicate whether their Comment(s) have been Resolved. If a commenter does not accept the proposed resolution, the commenter shall indicate what specifically should be changed to resolve the Comment(s). During the initial 2 week period, a commenter may request an extension period of an additional 2 weeks, which shall not be unreasonably denied. Failure of a commenter to respond in any manner within 2 weeks or failure of the commenter to indicate specifically why the Comment is not Resolved shall be deemed non-responsive, and the Comment shall be considered Resolved with the agreement of the Technology Committee Chair. If any Comments remain Unresolved, then the Technology Committee shall undertake a Disposition Vote as described below.
When all comments are Resolved, documented as resolved and the Project Group agrees by Consensus the document is ready for a Technology Committee Pre-DP Review, the required documents shall be forwarded to the Technology Committee Chair(s).
All revised documents and the Comment Resolution Record for every Ballot shall be maintained in an archive accessible to the Technology Committee.
.7.5 Late Comments
Comments may be submitted at any time after a Ballot and prior to publication. These are “Late Comments.” Groups are encouraged to address all Late Comments but are under no obligation to do so. All Comments not addressed should be retained until the next Revision of the document.
6.8 Disposition Vote
In the event that a Project Group is unable to resolve all the Comments from a Ballot, it shall develop Consensus recommendations to the Technology Committee for the disposition of all Comments not Resolved and for each Comment shall include the proposed change(s) from the commenter. The Chair of the Technology Committee then shall conduct a Consensus Vote on the recommendations for the Comments not Resolved (the Disposition Vote). A Disposition Vote shall include the revised document and an abbreviated Comment Resolution Record containing only those Comments that remain not Resolved. The Chair of the Technology Committee may break the Comments and their proposed resolutions into separate, or even "line item," Disposition Votes in order to help advance the work.
The Project or Ballot appearing on the Technology Committee agenda shall be deemed adequate notice of intent to discuss Comments relative to any work in process.
6.9 Draft Publication (DP)
When all Comments are Resolved, the Technology Committee Chair shall distribute the required documents to the Technology Committee for a two week Pre-DP Review. The Pre-DP review is followed by a Consensus Vote to elevate the document to Draft Publication. Consideration should be given to the comments from the pre-DP Review, extent of the changes made, the impact to implementations, and the time transpired since the FCD Ballot. If the Draft Publication vote passes, the Technology Committee Chair shall forward the work to the Director of Engineering for Standards Committee Audit and preparation for publication.
If the Draft Publication Vote fails, the revised document shall be sent for another FCD Ballot.
6.10 Standards Committee Audit
Prior to Standards Committee Audit, the Director of Engineering shall ensure:
a. The FCD Ballot(s) passed;
b. The Disposition Vote(s), if issued, passed;
c. There is no evidence that any Ballot Comments were not Resolved;
d. The Technology Committee has revised the document according to the Ballot Comments; and
e. All Normative References meet the requirements of this Operations Manual and any associated Administrative Guidelines.
In parallel with the editorial preparation of the document for publication, the Director of Engineering shall prepare a Process Audit Report for the Standards Committee that includes:
- The type and results of each Ballot and Vote related to the document;
- The results of Disposition Votes (if any);
- Confirmation of the existence of a Comment Resolution Record for each Ballot on file at SMPTE Home Office;
- A list of all Normative References, including their publication status;
- Copies of all Patent Statements submitted during the document development;
- Copies of all Patent Statements received relating to the document;
- A summary of any Appeal(s) concluded or in process;
- A recommendation as to whether the work was processed correctly; and
- Notification of pending appeals related to the Project that produced the document.
The Director of Engineering shall issue a 3-week Ballot to the Standards Committee that includes the proposed document and the Process Audit Report. At that time, the Standards Committee shall consider evidence that:
- due process requirements were met;
- Consensus was achieved;
- the Criteria for Engineering Documents have been met;
- the Normative References meet the requirements of this Standards Operations Manual;
- all necessary Patent Statements have been received in acceptable form; and
- there is no effect of any in-process Appeal(s) upon the timing of the publication
When the Standards Committee Ballot results in Comments (regarding processing by the Technology Committee), the Project shall be returned to the Technology Committee for a response to each Comment. Resolution of its Ballot Comments shall be accomplished by Consensus of the Standards Committee.
Technical Comments shall not be submitted with a Standards Committee Ballot. A Standards Committee Member who has technical Comments to be addressed should propose a new Project, such as an Amendment.
When the Standards Committee confirms that all procedural requirements have been met and all Standards Committee Comments have been Resolved, then the document shall be published by the Director of Engineering. Prior to publication, the Director of Engineering shall request review of the proposed publication by the Technology Committee Chair to ensure that the correct version of each drawing or table has been incorporated and that editorial changes, if any, have been correctly applied. The Technology Committee Chair should circulate the document to the Project Group Chair, the Proponents and/or the document editor, and may circulate it to others including the Technology Committee.
The Director of Engineering shall provide means for any interested party to submit Comments on the published document, and such Comments shall be available to all Technology Committee Members.
6.12 Review of Publications
All new Standards, Recommended Practices and Engineering Guidelines shall undergo the Review process of section 6.14 one year from initial publication.
Within 6 months following the 4th anniversary of the publication of each Engineering Document that has not previously been stabilized or withdrawn, the Director of Engineering shall submit a copy of the current publication along with a request to the responsible Technology Committee Chair to review the publication according to the Review process of section 6.14.
6.13 Submission to Other Standards Development Organizations
Proposals to submit Engineering Documents to other standards development organizations shall follow the Liaison communication process, with notice to the Director of Engineering. Such documents shall be accompanied by a liaison statement. Proposals to submit Committee Drafts and Final Committee Drafts also shall require the approval of the responsible Technology Committee Chair and the Standards Vice President. Working Drafts shall not be submitted outside the responsible Technology Committee.
6.14 Engineering Document Review
The Director of Engineering shall advise the relevant Technology Committee Chair of any documents to be reviewed. The list of such documents shall be added to the next Technology Committee agenda for discussion.
During or following the next Technology Committee meeting, the Technology Committee Chair shall appoint an Ad Hoc Group to review the list of documents and provide recommendations for the disposition of each document. For each document, the disposition recommended shall be one of the following:
- Reaffirm and Stabilize
- Reassign the document to another Technology Committee
- No recommendation
A document should be Reaffirmed if it is believed to be substantially correct and does not contain harmful or misleading recommendations.
A document should be Stabilized if it meets the criteria for Reaffirmation, is still relevant to technology or practices in use, and need not be subject to future Reviews. It shall have been Reaffirmed at least once before.
A Stable document still shall be made available and offered for sale by the Society, but it shall be prefaced by a cover page explaining its current status.
At any time, a Technology Committee may revise, amend, or otherwise initiate a new Project on a Stable document.
A document should be Withdrawn only if there is a significant possibility of its use causing harm. A Withdrawn document still shall be made available and offered for sale by the Society, but it shall be prefaced by a cover page explaining its current status, including a statement that some or all of the content is no longer endorsed by the Society.
A document should be Revised if it does not meet the criteria for Reaffirmation or Withdrawal.
A document should be Reassigned if it is outside the current Scope of the Technology Committee.
The review group shall present its recommendations to the Technology Committee for its consideration. The Technology Committee shall determine whether to accept the review group’s recommendations by Consensus Vote. If the vote passes, the documents shall be disposed of in accordance with the review group’s recommendations and the procedures for each process. Any documents determined to be outside the Technology Committee’s Scope shall be referred back to the Standards Vice President for reassignment.
If the vote fails, the Technology Committee shall first determine whether any of the documents are out of its current Scope. If any are, these documents shall be referred back to the Standards Vice President for reassignment.
Then, provided no alternative process has been started (such as a new Project to revise it), for each document the Technology Committee Chair shall solicit a motion for a Consensus Vote to determine whether to Reaffirm, or for documents meeting the criteria, whether to Reaffirm and Stabilize it. If the Consensus Vote passes, the document shall be published without Revision, but with a revised date.
If the Consensus Vote fails, the Technology Committee Chair shall solicit a motion in accordance with the procedures in Section 6.15 for a Vote to determine whether to Withdraw it. If the Vote passes, a Ballot to Withdraw the document shall be conducted as prescribed in Section 6.15.
If the Consensus Vote to Withdraw the document fails, the Technology Committee Chair shall solicit Proponents to Revise the document as a New Project in accordance with the Document Development Process. If Proponents cannot be found, no action shall be required, but the document shall remain on the Technology Committee’s agenda until such time as Proponents can be found to undertake the revision.
6.15 Engineering Document Withdrawal Process
A document should be Withdrawn only if there is a significant possibility of its use causing harm. A Withdrawn document still shall be made available and offered for sale by the Society, but it shall be prefaced by a cover page explaining its current status, including a statement that some or all of the content is no longer endorsed by the Society.
Any proposal to Withdraw an Engineering Document shall be accompanied by a brief (approximately one-page) justification to the responsible Technology Committee. The Technology Committee then shall decide by an Administrative Vote whether to conduct a Ballot to Withdraw.
If a Ballot to Withdraw passes, the process shall be audited by the Standards Committee, and the document shall be labeled Withdrawn.
At any time, a Technology Committee may revise, amend, or otherwise initiate a new Project on a Withdrawn document.
The Society may publish documents of general interest to the industry that are not Engineering Documents. Such documents are known as Registered Disclosure Documents (RDDs) and do not represent findings, representations, or recommendations by the Society. Registered Disclosure Documents are documents within the scope of interest of the Society, submitted by any entity (the “Sponsor”) that wishes to make a disclosure available to the public and to use the Society’s publication and distribution mechanisms for this purpose. Documents that may be suitable as Registered Disclosure Documents include, but are not limited to, specifications of existing products, instructions for interfacing to products, instructions for controlling products and systems, and descriptions of design approaches intended to encourage design of similar or compatible systems. Registered Disclosure Documents shall not be used as Normative References in Engineering Documents.
All SMPTE Registered Disclosure Documents shall meet the following criteria:
- a. Public interest - There shall be no evidence that the document is contrary to the public interest.
- b. Technical adequacy - There shall be no evidence of technical inadequacy.
- c. Comparative ratings - Documents shall not relate to comparative rating of competitive systems or products.
- d. No advertising - The documents shall not contain any advertising or marketing content.
Any interested party may request initiation of a new Registered Disclosure Document. A request shall be sent to the Director of Engineering in the form determined by the Director of Engineering together with a release of copyright and the appropriate processing fee. The processing fee shall be determined from time-to-time by the Standards Vice President in consultation with the Director of Engineering and the Financial Vice President and is due and payable prior to work on the document beginning.
7.3.2 Format of Document
There is no required template or format for the body of a Registered Disclosure Document, but the document should contain technical information, not advertising material. The document shall be supplied to the Director of Engineering in electronic form suitable for publication. The following information should be provided on a cover page(s):
- Name, affiliation, and contact information (including email address) of the person responsible for maintenance of the document.
- A scope statement indicating the intended purpose of the document.
- (Optional but recommended) An intellectual property (IP) statement indicating whether known or claimed IP applies to the content of the document and, if appropriate, a declaration as to terms under which users of the document may have access to the IP.
7.3.3 New Project Process
When such a request is received with a completed cover page, the Standards Vice President shall assign the request to the appropriate Technology Committee, which shall create a new Project, as for any new Project. The Technology Committee may form a Sub Group, but need not do so.
7.3.4 Technology Committee Ballot
After processing by the Group, the document shall be submitted for a Ballot to the Technology Committee. The Ballot question shall be: “Does the document meet the Registered Disclosure Document Criteria, is it technically consistent, and does it provide information sufficient for the intended purpose as stated in its scope?”
Following the Ballot, the Sponsor should contact each person who submitted Comments and attempt to resolve the Comments. Modification of the document shall be at the discretion of the Sponsor. At the discretion of the Standards Vice President, all Comments not Resolved to the satisfaction of the commenter may be appended to the document and published, together with any explanation the Sponsor may choose to add. If any Technology Committee Member, including the Sponsor, believes that appending particular not Resolved Comments and responses would be beneficial to the industry, the Technology Committee Member may request such action. This request shall be promptly considered by the Technology Committee and a decision rendered by Consensus Vote.
A Member or Guest who has actual knowledge of Intellectual Property essential to the implementation of the document (other than that disclosed by the Sponsor) shall Comment accordingly. If the owner(s) of the Intellectual Property is/are prepared to make a Patent Statement according to section 9.1, one or more Patent Statements should be added to the document.
If Intellectual Property is claimed, other than by the Sponsor, and such Patent Statements cannot be obtained, an additional note describing the claim shall be added to the document.
If the Ballot fails, then the work shall be returned to the Standards Committee for disposition. If the Ballot passes, then the Technology Committee Chair shall forward the revised document, along with all Comments not Resolved and their responses, to the Director of Engineering, and a normal Standards Committee Ballot shall be conducted.
7.3.5 Standards Committee
The Director of Engineering shall prepare a normal Process Audit Report (see section 6.10) on the proposed Registered Disclosure for the Standards Committee and shall issue a Ballot to the Standards Committee. The Standards Committee shall consider evidence that the Technology Committee Ballot processes were followed and that the document meets the Registered Disclosure Document Criteria.
Standards Committee YES votes shall be without Comment. NO votes shall state exactly what process was violated and/or which Registered Disclosure Document Criteria were not met. Technical Comments shall be forbidden.
If the Standards Committee Ballot fails, Comments shall be Resolved by Consensus of the Standards Committee. If it is found that Technology Committee process was violated, the document shall be returned to the Technology Committee Chair for resolution and re-Ballot. If the Standards Committee Comments are Resolved by Consensus of the Standards Committee and the Ballot passes, then the Registered Disclosure Document shall proceed to publication.
The Director of Engineering shall not make any changes to an approved Registered Disclosure Document before publication, except as provided herein.
The Director of Engineering shall add a cover page indicating the status of the document as an SMPTE Registered Disclosure Document and stating that the document does not represent a finding, representation, or recommendation of the Society. The cover page shall state specifically that SMPTE makes no representation as to the IP status of the Registered Disclosure Document but shall draw attention to any Patent Statement(s) by the Sponsor or others.
Registered Disclosure Documents shall be included on appropriate periodic distribution media and also shall be available for purchase from SMPTE Home Office and from the SMPTE website. Pricing of documents shall be determined by the Standards Vice President in consultation with the Director of Engineering and the Financial Vice President. All revenues from sale of Registered Disclosure Documents shall be the property of the Society.
7.4 Revision and Amendment
Upon request from the original Sponsor or its/his/her successor at interest, a published Registered Disclosure Document may undergo a Revision process. The kind of Revision may be of any type applicable to Engineering Documents – Revision or Amendment– using the same tests as provided herein.
Revisions and Amendments shall follow the process for new Registered Disclosure Document publication described herein. Additional fees may apply. Editorial revisions shall follow the process described in section 5.5.1.
7.5 Review and Withdrawal
Registered Disclosure Documents shall not be subject to the Review process. It is the intent of the Registered Disclosure Document process to provide continued availability of specifications. Withdrawal shall be initiated using the same care as with Engineering Documents and shall follow the normal Withdrawal process, requiring a specific proposal to withdraw the work as described in section 6.15.
8.1 Delegates and Rapporteurs
It is sometimes necessary for the Society to be represented as a member of other organizations and send a delegation to participate in the decision-making processes of those organizations. The leader of this delegation shall be a Head of Delegation (HOD) who shall be the sole communicator of the delegation. Additionally, it is sometimes convenient to have a representative present at meetings of other organizations to gather information on engineering and standardization activities, acting only as a facilitator of communications but not presenting an official Society position. This shall be a Rapporteur.
The Delegates and Rapporteurs shall be appointed by the Standards Vice President and shall serve at his/her pleasure for a period not to exceed his/her term. Alternate HODs and Rapporteurs may be appointed by the Standards Vice President.
The list of organizations for which HODs and Rapporteurs have been assigned shall be maintained by the Director of Engineering. Such lists shall be available at each Technology Committee meeting, and anyone serving such a role present at Technology Committee meetings shall identify himself/herself as an HOD or Rapporteur.
An HOD and Delegates are appointed to represent SMPTE in an Organization where the Society has a formal standing (e.g. board member or formal liaison). The HOD shall have the flexibility to amend such positions as necessary after consultation with and approval by the Standards Vice President.
Formal Society communications to or from external organizations in writing are “Liaisons”.
It is the responsibility of all Delegates and Rapporteurs to facilitate the exchange of information. All HODs should provide periodic meeting summaries to the Standards Committee.
All Liaisons to SMPTE received by any Member or Staff from external organizations shall be communicated promptly to the Standards Committee and the Liaison Group, which shall disseminate the communications as necessary to the Technology Committees. The Liaison Group is a Sub Group of the Standards Committee whose membership shall be open equally to any Member. Liaison Group members serve for terms concurrent with the Standards Vice President and may be renewed indefinitely at the option of the Member. All Delegates and Rapporteurs shall automatically be members of the Liaison Group.
The Chair of the Liaison Group shall be appointed by the Standards Vice President and shall serve at his/her pleasure for a period not to exceed his/her term.
All formal communications from the Society shall be made in writing and only after approval of the communication has been given by the Standards Vice President, who has the sole authority to revise or veto a liaison before transmission.
Draft liaisons shall originate from the Standards Vice President, a relevant Technology Committee or the Standards Committee and are then reviewed in the Liaison Group. This is done by posting to the respective email reflectors or reviewed as a contribution in any normal meeting. The review period should be 2 weeks, but can be longer or shorter as circumstances dictate. In no event shall the review period be less than 3 days. The Chair of the Liaisons Group shall work to bring closure to the language and a recommendation to the Standards Vice President for approval.
9.1 Patent Policy
Engineering Documents may include technology that is subject to Essential Claims (see section 9.1.2) but only if all known patent holders are prepared to agree to terms that are “Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory” (RAND) for all Essential Claims. All Engineering Committees and Groups, as described in section 3, are entitled to give preference to technologies that are believed to be free of Essential Claims or for which a free-of-charge license will be available, provided any such solution is believed to be technically adequate. A Committee shall not discuss or otherwise consider specific licensing terms for such technologies.
It is important that, whenever possible, Committees are able to make a choice of technology based on all relevant information, including the existence, or potential existence, of any Essential Claims that may encumber a technology under consideration.
This Policy imposes an obligation on all Committee Participant Members and Observer Members (Members) and Guests, in accordance with section 9.1.4, to notify the Technology Committee Chair, as early as possible in the development process if they are aware, based on their actual personal knowledge, of patents or patent applications, anywhere in the world, that might contain Essential Claims to a technology being proposed for inclusion in an Engineering Document.
9.1.1 Notice to Meetings
At the start of each meeting the Chair shall read a statement in a form approved by the Standards Committee reminding Members and Guests of the obligations imposed by this Policy.
9.1.2 Essential Claims
An Essential Claim is “essential” to an Engineering Document only if it is necessarily infringed by implementing the Normative Text of that Engineering Document and is “necessarily infringed” only when there is no commercially-reasonable non-infringing alternative for implementing the Engineering Document. Essential Claims to an Engineering Document exclude those essential to enabling technologies, which are those technologies that may be necessary to make or use any implementations but are not expressly set forth in the Engineering Document. Essential Claims to an Engineering Document also exclude claims essential to any Normative Reference included in the Engineering Document.
9.1.3 Patent Statement to Accompany Engineering Document Submission from External Organizations
A completed SMPTE Patent Statement is required when a draft new Engineering Document is submitted to SMPTE on behalf of a company or other outside organization. The Patent Statement shall be made by the company or organization using the form approved by the Standards Committee and shall include the information required on that form.
A Technology Committee may agree by Administrative Vote to consider a draft document, or contribution to a draft document, without a Patent Statement, provided assurance is received from the submitter that the Patent Statement will be provided within 45 days. If no Patent Statement is received within 45 days of the submission, the Technology Committee Chair shall inform the Standards Vice President, who may suspend work on the submission.
A Member or Guest making any contribution to the Normative Text of a proposed Engineering Document shall provide any declaration required under Section 9.1.4.
9.1.4 Declaration of Knowledge of Relevant Intellectual Property
This Policy imposes an obligation on all Members and Guests to notify the Technology Committee Chair, as early as possible in the development process, if they are aware, based on their actual personal knowledge, of patents or patent applications that might contain Essential Claims to a technology being proposed for inclusion in an Engineering Document.
The requirement to notify the Technology Committee Chair of actual personal knowledge of actual or potential Essential Claims is an ongoing obligation that begins with becoming a Participant Member or Observer Member of a Technology Committee, or attending a meeting as a Guest, and continues through any form of participation in the work or proceedings of the Technology Committee, including any form of participation by electronic means such as receipt of emails. Any required notice shall be given as soon as practically possible and in all cases shall be given within 45 days after the knowledge is obtained and in advance of any vote on the Engineering Document. The notice shall be either in the form of a verbal statement at a meeting, which shall be recorded in the minutes of the meeting, or in written form to the Chair of the responsible Technology Committee. The notice shall include all relevant information available to the Member or Guest, such as patent or application number(s) and owner of the intellectual property, and shall identify the part(s) of the Engineering Document believed to be subject to Essential Claims.
The receipt of such a notice shall create a Technology Committee action item for the Director of Engineering, who shall follow the procedures of section 9.1.5 to solicit a Patent Statement from the reported owner of the intellectual property.
This Policy does not require any patent search and specifically recognizes that sponsorship of a Member or Guest does not create any obligation to perform a patent search.
This Policy recognizes that all Members and Guests act as individuals and that obligations imposed by this Operations Manual apply to the Member or Guest rather than to any sponsoring organization. For this reason, the obligation to disclose is created by the actual personal knowledge of the Member or Guest and applies to any potential Essential Claims known to the Member or Guest, whether or not the patent or patent application is owned by a sponsor. Nothing in this Policy shall impute knowledge of a Member or Guest by reason of employment, sponsorship, or any other association or connection with a patent applicant or holder.
This Policy does not require a Member or Guest to form a legal opinion as to the applicability or enforceability of Essential Claims, but does require a disclosure if the Member or Guest has actual personal knowledge of a patent or patent application that, in the good faith judgment of the Member or Guest, is likely to include Essential Claims to implementation of the proposed Engineering Document.
It is recognized that, on occasion, this obligation may conflict with terms of employment or contractual agreements. Members and Guests shall use reasonable efforts to obtain clearance to declare any relevant Essential Claims. No Member may support the adoption of an Engineering Document or technology while knowing or believing that undeclared Essential Claims exist. A Member or Guest who cannot obtain clearance to reveal an Essential Claim shall notify the Technology Committee Chair that s/he will cease to participate in discussion of, and withdraw from all Ballots concerning, the proposed document.
9.1.5 Inquiry to Possible Patent Holders
Following notice of possible Essential Claims, the Director of Engineering shall perform a Patent Inquiry, requesting the reported owner of the intellectual property in question to complete a SMPTE Patent Statement if the owner considers that it does own or control patents or pending applications likely to include Essential Claims for implementation or use of the Engineering Document. The Patent Statement, in a form approved by the Standards Committee, shall identify whether licensing of any Essential Claims would be available under RAND terms.
If no reply is received within 30 days, the Director of Engineering shall repeat the Patent Inquiry. If no reply is received within a further 30 days, the Director of Engineering shall report this to the Technology Committee and no further correspondence with the entity shall be required.
9.1.6 Conduct of Ballots, Votes and Audits with Associated IP Statements
When an Engineering Document is Balloted for elevation to FCD, the Director of Engineering shall issue, in conjunction with the Ballot notification, a “Call for Patents” in a form approved by the Standards Committee. The FCD Ballot shall reference any Patent Statements already submitted with respect to the proposed Engineering Document. If a notice of possible Essential Claims has been made as described in section 9.1.4, and if the Director of Engineering has not received an affirmative response to the Patent Inquiry described in section 9.1.5, then the Director of Engineering shall post a Comment against the FCD Ballot regarding the outstanding Patent Inquiry.
Receipt of a statement in response to a Patent Inquiry shall be noted as a Comment response and shall resolve the Comment unless the Patent Statement indicates that Essential Claims exist and that there is no RAND assurance. If any entity provides a completed Patent Statement that indicates Essential Claims exist and that there is no RAND assurance, the Technology Committee may either revise the Engineering Document to exclude the protected technology or terminate work on the Engineering Document. If the Technology Committee considers that the completed Patent Statement may be frivolous or invalid it may choose to seek the direction of the Standards Committee. If any entity has failed to respond to a Patent Inquiry and there is no suitable alternative technology, these facts shall be noted as a Comment response, and the Technology Committee may choose to retain the technology in question by conducting a Disposition Vote on the Comment.
All relevant Patent Statements, Patent Inquiries, and Disposition Votes shall be part of the Standards Committee Audit.
9.1.7 Patent Statement in Published Documents
All published Engineering Documents shall include an appropriate statement, in a form approved by the Standards Committee; calling attention to the possibility that implementation of the Engineering Document may require the use of Essential Claims.
9.1.8 Transfers of Essential Claims
(a) Each party submitting a Patent Statement shall agree that it will not transfer, and confirm that it has not transferred, ownership in patents or patent applications having Essential Claims for the purpose of circumventing such party’s obligations under this Policy.
(b) Licensing undertakings made pursuant to this Policy shall be interpreted as encumbrances that bind all successors-in-interest. Recognizing that this interpretation may not be enforceable in all legal jurisdictions, any party who has submitted a licensing undertaking according to this Policy who transfers ownership of any patent or patent application having Essential Claims subject to such undertaking shall include appropriate provisions in the relevant transfer documents to ensure that the undertaking is binding on the transferee and that the transferee will similarly include appropriate provisions in the event of future transfers with the goal of binding all successors-in-interest. The undertaking shall be interpreted as binding on successors-in-interest regardless of whether such provisions are included in the relevant transfer documents.
9.1.9 Essential Claims Revealed After Publication
In the event that an Essential Claim is first revealed by a Member or Guest following adoption and publication of a Engineering Document, the owner or controller of the Essential Claim shall be asked to make a licensing commitment to the Essential Claim in the same manner as if it related to technology proposed for adoption by such Member or Guest during the development of the Engineering Document in question. If such request is refused, the Engineering Document in question shall be referred back to the relevant Technology Committee for consideration and possible action.
9.1.10 Irrevocability and Binding Nature of Commitments
All commitments made under this Policy shall be irrevocable, except that the owner of an Essential Claim may include a “reciprocity” or “defensive suspension” term in a license to its Essential Claims. For purposes of this policy, (a) reciprocity shall mean that a licensor may require a licensee to provide a reciprocal RAND license with respect to any Essential Claim(s) owned by the licensee with respect to the same Engineering Document, and (b) defensive suspension shall mean that a licensor may revoke a license granted to an implementer if that implementer asserts an Essential Claim (other than under RAND license terms) in connection with the same Engineering Document against the licensor or its Affiliates.
An Affiliate of a party shall mean a company or other legal entity which now or, hereafter, controls or is controlled by or is under common control with such party, but any such company or other legal entity shall be deemed to be an Affiliate only as long as such control exists, and for the purposes of this definition, “control” shall mean direct or indirect ownership of more than 50% of the voting power, capital or other securities of the controlled or commonly controlled entity.
9.1.11 Third Party Beneficiaries
In the event that any party brings an infringement action against an implementer of an Engineering Document relating to an Essential Claim(s) under such document with respect to which such Essential Claim owner is under a licensing obligation under this Policy, SMPTE shall have no obligation to intervene, but such implementer shall be entitled to assert that it is a third party beneficiary under such licensing obligation.
9.1.12 Survival of Obligations
(a) Any disclosure or other obligation that any Member or Guest incurs under this Policy shall continue in force after the Member ceases to be a Member, or the Guest ceases to be a participant, for any reason. However, no Member or Guest shall become subject to any new obligation under this Policy after ceasing to be a Member or Guest.
(b) Any licensing obligation incurred by any party under this policy shall continue in force until the expiration of all Patents that include Essential Claims and shall be binding upon successors of ownership and control as specified in 9.1.8.
(c) All persons and entities that are intended third party beneficiaries of rights and obligations incurred under this Policy shall remain entitled to enforce the same, notwithstanding any termination, dissolution or winding up of SMPTE.
9.2 Trademark Policy
Standards and Recommended Practices shall not include proper names, trade names or trademarks of specific companies or organizations (other than SMPTE) or lists of acceptable manufacturers, service provider lists, or similar material in the body of a document or in an annex, except with the explicit approval of the Standards Committee. Engineering Guidelines may include proper names or trademarks if considered necessary, but they should be avoided if possible. Registered Disclosure Documents may include proper names or trademarks.
Entries in a Register may include proper names or trademarks when permitted by the Engineering Document that creates the Register.
Where there is reason to believe that a sole source exists for essential equipment, materials, or services necessary to determine compliance with a standard, it is permissible to supply the name and address of the source in a footnote or informative annex as long as the words “or the equivalent” are added to the reference.
Authors desiring an exception to this trademark policy in a Standard or Recommended Practice are encouraged to seek approval early in the document process. Authors shall first obtain the Consensus of the Technology Committee on the proposal. Upon the Consensus recommendation of the Technology Committee, the Standards Committee shall conduct a Ballot and inform the Technology Committee Chair of the results.
9.3 Copyright Policy
The Society shall own the copyrights of all Engineering Documents and Registered Disclosure Documents, whether in draft or published form. Conditions of use are as specified below.
9.3.1 Draft Engineering Documents
The draft documents, reports, correspondence and all other work of the Technology Committees and their Sub Groups are SMPTE confidential and shall not be disclosed to anyone who is not a Participant Member or Observer Member of any Technology Committee without the prior approval of the Standards Vice President, except that work in-process documents may be shared with fellow employees or with clients contracting for the member’s participation for the express purpose of technical review and soliciting comments on the work.
In particular, draft documents shall not be shared with external groups, mail lists, or other Standards Development Organizations without the prior approval of the Standards Vice President. Committee correspondence and other work of a Technology Committee shall not be shared without the prior approval of the Standards Vice President. Communications to external Standards Development Organizations shall follow the processes described in the Liaison section 8.
Electronic or hard copies of in-process documents may be made as necessary for the permitted purposes described above, but members shall employ reasonable efforts to ensure that draft documents are not retained unnecessarily, are not used for any purpose other than document development, and are not in any place or form in which they might be used as a substitute for a published document.
Submission of any document to any Technology Committee for consideration for standardization constitutes a grant to the Society of a permanent, royalty-free, irrevocable, copyright license, including the right to make derivative works. Submission in this context includes contribution to the online servers, meeting file server, or any mail list managed by the Society. Organization(s) submitting such document(s) shall retain ownership to copyright in the materials. An organization submitting such materials may make derivative works such as technical papers but must not publish or make available by any means any document being, or purporting to be, an alternative to a published Engineering Document. If the Society adopts an alternative proposal or technology, not incorporating any substantial part of the original document such restrictions to the rights of the original copyright owner shall cease to apply.
9.3.2 Published Engineering Documents
No copying or distribution of any published Engineering Document in electronic or hard-copy form is permitted except as specifically permitted by a license obtained from the Society.
9.3.3 Registered Disclosure Documents
Submission of a document for adoption as an SMPTE Registered Disclosure Document confers on the Society the right to reproduce and sell (in electronic or hard-copy form) the final version of the document without any compensation to the submitting entity, as if such a document were a published Engineering Document. The submitting entity also may publish the final document in electronic or hard-copy form, provided the document is identical to that adopted by the Society.
The submitting entity also may publish an amendment to the document, provided it is promptly submitted to the Society for processing as an addition to or replacement of a portion of the Registered Disclosure Document according to the process defined in section 8.3. If the Society does not approve publication of the amended version, the Registered Disclosure Document shall be withdrawn, but SMPTE shall retain the right to make the document available according to the policy for withdrawn documents.
9.4 Confidentiality Policy
All Members and Guests are subject to the Society Confidentiality Policy defined in the Governance Operations Manual.
The draft documents, reports, correspondence and all other work of the Standards Community are SMPTE Confidential Information and shall not be disclosed to anyone who is not a Member without the prior approval of the Standards Vice President, except that work in process documents may be shared with fellow employees or with clients contracting for the Member’s participation for the express purpose of technical review and soliciting comments on the work. Guests shall not share any Confidential Material under any circumstances.
In particular, Confidential Information shall not be shared with external groups, mail lists, or other Standards Development Organizations without the prior approval of the Standards Vice President. Committee correspondence and other work of the Technology Committee shall not be shared without the prior approval of the Standards Vice President. Communications to external Standards Development Organizations shall follow the processes described in the Liaison section 8.2.
Electronic or hard copies of in-process documents may be made as necessary for the permitted purposes described above, but Members shall employ reasonable efforts to ensure that draft documents are not retained unnecessarily, are not used for any purpose other than document development, and are not in any place or form in which they might be used as a substitute for a published document.
A Normative Reference is an external document that is indispensable to the application of an Engineering Document. Reference may be made to an entire external document or to parts of an external document. Normative References in Engineering Documents shall adhere to the following procedures:
- Except as provided herein, Normative References in SMPTE Engineering Documents only shall be made to organizations and their publication types approved and published as an Administrative Guideline by the Standards Committee.
- Approved organizations generally are standards development organizations accredited by national or international standards bodies or those industry consortia determined to operate in a manner substantially consistent with this Operations Manual for developing Engineering Documents, specifically in regard to due process and intellectual property.
- In general, a Normative Reference shall meet the following criteria:
i. The text shall be publicly available for evaluation without contractual restrictions other than those reasonably intended to restrict duplication and redistribution (which may include the obligation to pay reasonable fees).
ii. The text shall be reasonably expected to be available indefinitely.
iii. The text shall be stable and under published revision control.
- The Standards Committee shall approve each such standards development organization or industry consortium and its specific types of documents, giving due consideration to the provisions of this section. The list of these organizations and document types shall be published as an Administrative Guideline from time-to-time.
- The Standards Committee may make an exception to the provisions above on a case-by-case basis if it determines that an exception is in the interest of the industry. Before the Standards Committee considers such an exception, the Technology Committee requesting a reference exception shall provide a statement stating that there are no reasonable and timely available alternative technological approaches that may be accessed in a manner consistent with this policy.
- Application for an exception or for consideration of a new organization or type of document shall be made in writing to the Standards Committee by the Technology Committee Chair. The Standards Committee shall consider the matter and provide a ruling by Consensus within 60 days of application.
Any person who believes that his/her dissenting view remains Unresolved regarding a proposed document or any Technology Committee action or inaction shall have the right to appeal the matter at any stage of the document development process, or within one year of the occurrence, in accordance with this Standards Operations Manual and the Governance Operations Manual.
An appeal shall be made in writing to the Director of Engineering and Standards Vice President, who shall forward the appeal to the Standards Committee. The Standards Committee Chair shall place the item on the agenda for the Standards Committee’s next meeting (which may be by electronic means and no more than 90 days following submission of the appeal), shall develop a Consensus view of the Standards Committee, and shall communicate it to the appellant in writing no later than 10 days after the meeting.
If, in the opinion of the appellant, the appeal has not been satisfactorily Resolved by the Standards Committee, within 30 days after receiving from its Chair notice of the Standards Committee's decision, a written appeal then may be submitted for appropriate disposition to the Board of Governors in accordance with the appeals process defined in the Governance Operations Manual.
Any Standards Committee Member who participated directly in the development of any Engineering Document related to the appeal shall not be eligible to participate in the consideration of an appeal.
During an appeal process, any affected Projects and other work of the relevant Technology Committee shall continue.
This section provides a summary of defined terms. This is intended to be an aid to the reader only. Refer to the referenced text for the precise definitions and context.
Ad Hoc Group (AHG) - a transient Sub Group. See section 3.3.8.
Administrative Guideline - an administrative document that provides extensions and interpretations of this Standards Operations Manual. See section 5.4.1.
Administrative Register - a Register where the criteria for adding, changing and deleting table entries can be implemented without technical experts. See section 5.2.5.
Administrative Vote - a vote on a matter requiring a simple majority of YES versus NO votes of the Participant Members. See section 4.3.1.
Advisory Note (AN) - a brief informative document developed by Consensus of a Technology Committee detailing a problem or work item before the Technology Committee. See section 5.4.3.
Amendment - a document that modifies the provisions in an existing Standard, Recommended Practice, or Engineering Guideline. See section 5.3.2.
Ballot - a Written Vote that may include Comments. See section 4.3.4.
Board of Governors - the elected governing body of SMPTE.
Comment - a reference to a document section with a statement about what is in error, an omission, or a request for an additional feature or function. See section 4.3.4.
Comment Resolution Record - an enumeration of every Ballot Comment and its proposed resolution. See section 6.7.2.
Committee Draft (CD) - a document state in which a Technology Committee has accepted a Working Draft. See section 6.5.
Conformance Language - the precise use of terms to indicate required and optional provisions. See section 5.10.
Consensus - a state of a Group in which either there are no objections to a matter or no more than 1/3 of the Participant Members who responded in favor or opposed were opposed. See section 4.1.
Consensus Body - the members of a Group that can form a Consensus. See sections 3.2.1 and 3.2.4.
Consensus Vote - a vote where Consensus is required to pass the vote. See section 4.3.2.
Delegate - an individual appointed by the Standards Vice President to formally communicate liaison communications with an external entity. See section 8.
Director of Engineering - the senior SMPTE Home Office staff position responsible for SMPTE engineering activities. See section 2.3.
Disposition Vote - an optional vote following an FCD Ballot when the Comment Resolution process failed to resolve all Comments by Consensus. See section 6.8.
Draft Publication (DP) - the state of a document after resolution of FCD Ballot Comments. See section 6.9.
Drafting Group (DG) - the Group of people working on one or more Projects, which may be organized informally. See section 3.3.7.
Engineering Document - the collection of types of documents subject to the normal document development process, including Standards, Recommended Practices, Engineering Guidelines and Amendments (i.e., not RDDs). See section 5.2
Engineering Guideline (EG) - an informative document, often tutorial in nature, intended to guide Users or to provide designs or procedures for Producers. See section 5.2.3.
Engineering Report - an informational finding of a Technology Committee, usually authored by a Study Group. See section 5.4.2.
Final Committee Draft (FCD) - the state of a document after FCD Ballot. See section 6.6.
General Interest - a Member interest category for those Members who are not Users or Producers. See section 3.2.5.
Group - the group of people working on a Project (or Projects), which may be organized as an individual, Technology Committee or Sub Group. See section 6.3.
Guest - a non-Member of any Technology Committee present at a meeting. See section 18.104.22.168.
Informative Text - text that is potentially helpful to the user, but not indispensable, and can be removed, changed, or added editorially without affecting interoperability. See section 5.10.
Interest Group – an interest category of a Member used to determine balance of interest. See section 3.2.5.
Liaison - formal Society communications to or from external organizations in writing. See section 8.
Liaison Group - the collection of Members interested in developing and receiving formal liaison communications with an external entity. See section 8.
Member – a member of the Standards Community. See section 2.4.
Membership Body - the roster of members for a meeting or Ballot. See section 3.2.4.
Normative References - external documents referenced in Normative Text that are indispensable to the user. See section 12.
Normative Text – document language that describes elements of the design that are indispensable or that contains the conformance language keywords: "shall," "should," or "may," See section 6.10.
Observer Member - a member of a Technology Committee who has an interest in its work, may or may not participate actively in the work, and has no voting rights. See section 22.214.171.124.
Operations Manual - this document.
Other Documents - documents that are not Engineering Documents, such as Engineering Reports, Advisory Notes, etc. See section 5.4.
Participant Member - a member of a Technology Committee who commits to active contribution to the work of the Technology Committee and has voting rights and obligations. See section 126.96.36.199.
Participation Fee – a fee charged to Members for participation in the Standards Community. The purpose of the fee is to offset part of the cost of standards development. See section 2.4.
Producer - a member interest category for members who manufacture products or provide services. See section 3.2.5.
Project - an item of work (typically a publication) undertaken by a Technology Committee or its Sub Groups. See section 6.3.
Project Summary - the basic information that defines a Project. See section 6.3.
Proponent - Members agreeing to be actively involved in the Project. See section 6.3.
Quorum - the number of Group members required to be present to conduct business. See section 4.2.
Rapporteur - an individual appointed by the Standards Vice President and designated to give and receive reports between SMPTE and an external entity. See section 8.
Recommended Practice (RP) - a document that constrains existing specifications and functions that facilitates effective interchange or interconnection. See section 5.2.2.
Register - a table in an Engineering Document that is published in a medium more convenient for updating (e.g. an online database). See section 5.2.5.
Registered Disclosure Document (RDD) – a document published by SMPTE, of general interest to the industry, that is not an Engineering Document, and that does not represent findings, representations, or recommendations by the Society. See section 7.
Registration Authority - the SMPTE registry operations as more fully described on the Society’s website.
Resolved/Unresolved - the state of a Comment in which either the commenter is satisfied or the Technology Committee has reached a Consensus resolution (Resolved) or not (Unresolved). See section 6.7.
Review - the periodic review process of published Engineering Documents. See section 6.14.
Revision - a work in process of a Standard, Recommended Practice, or Engineering Guideline document that is being amended in total. See section 5.3.1.
Society - the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE)
Sponsor – the proponent of an RDD. See section 7.1.
Stable - a state of a published document in which no further regular Reviews are made. See section 6.14.
Standard - a document that states basic specifications that are necessary for interchange and interconnection within a system. See section 5.2.1.
Standards Committee (ST) - an appointed Group, consisting mainly of Technology Committee Chairs, that provides oversight of SMPTE Standards processes. See section 3.1.
Standards Community Member – an Active Member of the society who meets the requirements for participation in the SMPTE Standards process. See section 2.4.
Standards Director - appointed positions reporting to the Standards Vice President and providing support to Technology Committee Chairs. See section 2.2.
Standards Vice President - an elected officer of SMPTE responsible for engineering activities. See section 2.1.
Study Group (SG) - a Sub Group formed to examine a system or technology and to prepare report(s) to its parent Group. See section 3.3.6.
Sub Group - a direct adjunct Group to a Technology Committee, other Sub Group or the Standards Committee established to expedite and organize the functioning of its parent Group. Sub Groups include Study Groups, Task Forces, and Drafting Groups. See section 3.3.
Task Force - a Sub Group formed only by the Standards Committee to coordinate specific programs that affect more than one Technology Committee. See section 3.3.4.
Technology Committee (TC) - a due process Consensus Body for all Engineering Documents within a defined scope. See section 3.2.
Test Materials - films, tapes, computer files, and similar materials that facilitate some sort of conformance procedures intended to enhance interoperability. See section 5.2.4.
User - a member interest category for members who purchase or use manufactured products or services. See section 3.2.5.
Withdrawn - the state of a publication in which a Technology Committee has determined the work has provisions that cause harm to the industry. See section 6.15.
Working Draft (WD) - the state of an Engineering Document prior to its acceptance by a Technology Committee for processing. See section 6.4.
Working Group (WG) - a Sub Group reporting to a Technology Committee for an extended duration. See section 3.3.4.
Written Vote - a vote put to all Participant Members, in which they are asked to respond formally. See section 4.3.3.